Radon is a natural product of the decomposition of highly radioactive elements like Uranium, Thorium, and Plutonium. It is naturally present in the atmosphere, soil and water reservoirs under the earth’s surface. Despite the fact that it has a half-life of only 3.8 days yet it has a relatively stable composition in the environment. The reason for this is the natural existence and constant disintegration of the radioactive matter. The natural fixation of radon in the atmosphere and the water bodies is harmless. This radon concentration if increases due to the imbalance in the disintegration rate of the radioactive elements.
The major threat posed by extended radon exposure is lung cancer. Radon is pronounced as a deadly carcinogen as well as the leading cause of lung cancer in non-smokers. It enters the body either through the inhaling of air poisoned with radon or via the consumption of radon-contaminated water. As soon as it enters the body it starts to undergo disintegration reaction. As a result of which it produces radon daughter components as well as radiations. These radiations are a source of small energy blasts and leave the internal organs damaged hence increasing their probability of hosting cancerous tumors and cells.
Due to being colorless, odorless and tasteless, it is next to impossible to detect its presence without radon detection tests. These tests are performed prior to the radon system installation as well as afterward. No doubt radon poisoning is a serious threat yet there are ways to deal with this problem. The first and foremost thing is to take precautionary measures to avoid radon poisoning in the first place. Despite taking the precautionary measures if the problem prevails you must consider Radon system installation done in your house.
- Prevention of House Depressurization:
This method involves the use of exhaust fans and combustion units that are installed to reduce the pressure of air inside the house. The lowering of the pressure is done either by consuming air from the surroundings or by disposing extra air into the surroundings depending on the severity and the nature of the problem.
- Block-Wall Ventilation:
This method works on the principle of suction. Major sources of radon entrance in the houses are the gaps and small cracks between the concrete blocks and pipe joints. A radon mitigation device is installed that sucks out the radon from these locations so that it cannot make its way inside your house.
- Sealing Cracks and Openings:
This method also works on the same ideology as to seal the cracks and openings that are the major source of radon entrance of the house. The small cracks and openings are sealed using plasters and cement. This technique, however, is not the permanent solution as the radon particles are highly permeable and even pass through these fillings after some time.